Abstracts

Daniela Baglieri - ANVUR and University of Messina

Universities Third Mission between Strategic Goals and Policy Initiatives. What Can We Learn from the ANVUR Experience?

Over the last decades, Third Mission activities of the HEI have attracted an increasing interest from policy makers and scholars, due to their role in boosting innovation, fostering economic growth and creating new jobs. In Italy, the commitment of generalist universities to third mission activities (since ever conducted by the polytechnics) is relatively recent, as demonstrated by the fact that it has been officially mentioned in university legislation only at the end of the ‘90s. Therefore, is not surprising that these activities have not been properly evaluated, nor have been recognized (for funding) by the central government. Very recently, the National Agency for the Evaluation of University and Research (ANVUR), established in 2010 (Decree 76/2010) has included third mission activities among the objects of its evaluation.

By assessing third mission activities, ANVUR has highlighted the role of universities and PROs in shaping innovative ecosystems. Overall, ANVUR gained a deeper understanding about their multiple institutional logics and their complex strategies that universities are deploying in order to get impact from their research and teaching. We argue that the problems in the development of new and commonly accepted indicators can be explained by the existence of ambiguity and conflict in the area of Third Mission policies, and suggest some policy avenues that could be better suited to the future development of commonly accepted and comparable indicators. Despite these findings will not immediately impact on ministerial (MIUR) funds allocation, they will support universities in gaining a clearer picture of the diverse activities they are engaged in.

 

 

By assessing third mission activities, ANVUR has highlighted the role of universities and PROs in shaping innovative ecosystems. Overall, ANVUR gained a deeper understanding about their multiple institutional logics and their complex strategies that universities are deploying in order to get impact from their research and teaching. We argue that the problems in the development of new and commonly accepted indicators can be explained by the existence of ambiguity and conflict in the area of Third Mission policies, and suggest some policy avenues that could be better suited to the future development of commonly accepted and comparable indicators. Despite these findings will not immediately impact on ministerial (MIUR) funds allocation, they will support universities in gaining a clearer picture of the diverse activities they are engaged in.

 

 

Andrea Basso

PROGRESS-TT: Capacity building in Technology Transfer for  European Public Research Organizations (PROs)

Innovation is one of the key elements of Europe’s growth strategy. However, Europe is lagging behind key international players in converting investment in Public Research Organizations (PROs) research results into innovation generating commercial returns. In order to address these issues and barriers, the H2020 PROGRESS-TT project proposed facilitating technology and knowledge transfer by means of best practices and TT case studies from Europe’s most inspiring PROs. On that basis, PROGRESS-TT has developed advanced tools, methods and insights that have been tested on several tens of TTOs over the three years of the project.

 

In this talk we will present the innovative features of PROGRESS-TT and discuss some key trends  in European TTOs.

 

Fabrizio Dughiero - University of Padova

Modelli e azioni per un Tech Tranfer efficace: alcuni esempi europei e italiani

Ruggero Frezza - M31 Spa

Venture capital e trasferimento tecnologico

Il venture capital gioca un ruolo fondamentale nel sostegno a nuove imprese che portano i risultati della ricerca al mercato. In Italia gli investimenti in venture capital sono ampiamente inferiori alla media europea e sono ancor più scarsi nelle spin off della ricerca. C'è spazio per il corporate venture capital o strimenti simili e quindi per un rinnovato rapporto tra università e imprese?

Gianni Lorenzoni - University of Bologna

Can Openness and Value Appropriation Walk Hand in Hand? Insights for University Technology Transfer

Despite knowledge transfer ‘across boundaries’ has been of interest to institutions and policy makers, most universities have experienced consistent declines in revenues stemming from IPR strategies. By contrast, there are some anecdotal cases of companies (i.e. Xerox, Bell Labs) that provide unexpected results regarding knowledge transfer which comes freely. As a result, universities are becoming more conscious about the relevance of moving innovation to society by lessening the IP model and value appropriation and, at the same time, engaging more deeply faculty participation in invention. Our insights reveal that universities are trying to become less compelled to seek financial interests and revenue generation and lay the foundation of a more

open-sourced model of technology transfer. In this view, universities are more likely to make discoveries accessible to society and to provide incentives to value creation over revenue generation and value capture. This poses some challenging questions regarding university-industry collaboration and new practices of selective revealing are emerging in the public science setting.

 

(D. Baglieri, G. Lorenzoni, R. Pellegrino)

Silvio Vismara - University of Bergamo

This study is one of the first to investigate the post-entry internationalization of academic spinoffs. Analyzing a sample of 508 Italian academic spinoffs established between 1999 and 2014, matched with non-academic innovative startups, we find that University spinoffs are more prone to sell abroad. This result is intrinsic to their affiliation with universities but is also related to the degree of internationalization of the parent university. A two-stage Heckman procedure indicates indeed that university internationalization translates into the internationalization of the affiliated spinoffs.